Peach is a deciduous tree fruit crop, originated in the temperate regions of Asia. The University of Florida has developed high quality, low-chilling, early-maturing peach and nectarine cultivars that can be grown from the panhandle of Florida to as far south as the Flatwoods of Florida. Low-chill cultivars can grow and produce fruit under Florida conditions that are much warmer in winter than in northern states. Furthermore, ripening of these cultivars during early April to May ensures an early spring market window for tree-ripe fresh fruit in Florida before peaches and nectarines from other southeastern states and California come to market. The varieties should be chosen carefully based on the location and weather conditions as well as the intended purpose of the crop.