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UF/IFAS Citrus Research

UF/IFAS Citrus Research

Multi-Scion Rootstock Trial, Arcadia

Dr. Bill Castle – Dr. Fred Gmitter – Dr. Jude Grosser

November 26, 2021 – revised
October 27, 2021 - updated
May 3
, 2021 - updated
November 18, 2020 - updated
July 26, 2019 - posted
CREC Citrus Plant Improvement

Multi-Scion Rootstock Trial, Arcadia - Description

This trial was planted in the summer of 2014, SE of Arcadia along Highway 31 just inside Charlotte County.  The primary objective is to evaluate Vernia, Valquarius and Valencia sweet oranges and Ray Ruby grapefruit combined with rootstocks of the California C-Series [C-22:Bitters, C-54:Carpenter and C-57:Furr plus C-146]; three hybrids, ES-1, ES-2 and ES-4 from the Forner program (Spain) and Willits citrange rootstocks.  The scion-rootstock combinations are replicated 2-4x in plots of about 16 or more trees of each combination.  This trial is one of a series of trials intended to compare the same scions and rootstocks at several locations.  This trial differs from the others in that it involves fewer rootstocks and larger plot sizes.   


Multi-Scion Rootstock Trial, Arcadia - Summary

  • Location: Arcadia, Charlotte County
  • Scion - Rootstocks:
    • Valquarius: 5 rootstocks
    • Valencia: 7 rootstocks
    • Vernia: 4 rootstocks
    • Ray Ruby: 4 rootstocks
  • Date Planted: May – July 2014
  • Design: Randomized complete-block with 2-4 replicates.
    • Plot size: 16 or more trees.
    • Spacing: 12.5 x 25 ft. (mostly) = 140 trees/acre.
  • Data:
    • 2017/18: Yield, tree height and HLB rating
    • 2018/19: HLB rating; Yield (Valencia, Vernia, Valquarius); Juice quality
    • 2019/20: HLB rating, yield and juice quality (Ray Ruby)
    • 2020/21: HLB rating, tree height and yield (Ray Ruby and Valencia)

  • Trial status: ACTIVE


table1 trial12

Multi-scion rootstock trial, Arcadia – Interpretive summary [as April 2021]:

Like several other trials planted around the same time, this trial, planted in May-July 2014, comprised several scions on primarily the C-series [Sunki mandarin x Swingle trifoliate orange] selections from California along with Willits citrange and a few selections from Spain.  In many instances, the differences among the scions [Vernia, Valquarius and Valencia sweet orange and Ray Ruby grapefruit] combined across rootstocks were of a similar magnitude as those among rootstocks combined across scions.  In other words, the performance of a given rootstock is dependent on the scion. 

HLB. The HLB ratings [mild decline or healthy] were similar among and within sweet orange selections; they tended to be lower[more symptoms] for Ray Ruby grapefruit.

Tree ht. There were small differences among rootstocks within a scion when the trees were about 4 years old [Fig. 2].  The largest difference in height due to rootstock was among the Valencia trees with the smallest ones being those on C-22.  A comparison among scions illustrates the point that rootstock effect may depend on scion.  For example, the smallest Valencia trees were those on C-22, but the largest Valquarius trees were also on C-22.

Yield. Among the best-yielding trees were those of Valquarius on the C-series.  

Juice quality.  There are not enough data so far on which to base an evaluation.  Much of the fruit sampling was done in January, a time of the year well prior to normal harvesting Valencia.  However, the data available support further investigation of Willits citrange.  

Rootstocks. As a preliminary observation and as noted in other trials with the same set of rootstocks, the C-series generally perform well along with some of the Spanish ES series, thus, encouraging further evaluation. 

Multi-Scion Rootstock Trial, Arcadia