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UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center

UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center

Pomegranates for Now

Information Resources


Wetzstein, H.Y., Z. Zhang, N. Ravid, and M.E. Wetzstein. 2011. Characterization of attributes related to fruit size in pomegranate. HortScience 46(6): 908-912. PDF

Wetzstein, H.Y., N. Ravid, E. Wilkins, and A.P. Martinelli. 2011. A morphological and histological characterization of bisexual and male flower types in pomegranate. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 136(2): 83-92. PDF

Cultural Practices

Maclean, D., K. Martino, H. Scherm, and D. Horton. 2011. Pomegranate production. Univ. Ga. Coop. Ext. Circ. 997. PDF

Stein, L., J. Kamas & M. Nesbitt. [Date unknown]. Pomegranates.  Texas AgriLife Extension Publ. Texas A&M University. PDF

Tanner, Cory. 2009. Pomegranate. Clemson University Coop. Extension Publ. HGIC 1359.

Edible Landscape

Worden, E.C. and S.P. Brown. 2010. Edible landscaping. Univ. Fla. Coop. Ext. Publ. ENH971.


Ashton, R. 2006. Incredible pomegranate: plant and fruit. Third Millennium Publishing, Tempe, AZ.

Castle, W.S. 2011. Pomegranates as a small-farm enterprise. Really? Presentation at the Martin County Extension Program "Alternate Agricultural Enterprises for the Treasure Coast, October 19, 2011, and available at:

Castle, W.S., J.C. Baldwin and M. Singh. 2011. Pomegranate in Florida for commercial enterprises and homeowners. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 124:33-40. PDF

Holland, D and I.Bar-Ya’akov. 2008.  The pomegranate: new interest in an ancient fruit.  Chronica Hort. 48(3):12-15.  (This is an excellent article on the state of pomegranates in Israel, world production with pictures of modern production systems and new cultivars.  Go to (

Levin, G.M. Pomegranate. Third Millennium Publishing, Tempe, AZ.

Stover, E. and E.W. Mercure. 2007. The pomegranate: a new look at the fruit of paradise. HortScience 45(2):1088-1092.

Health Benefits: General

Heber, David & Bowerman, Susan. 2009. California pomegranates: an ancient fruit is new again. Nutrition Today 44(4): 180-184.

Jurenka, Julie. 2008.  Therapeutic applications of pomegranate (Punica Granatum L.): A review. Alternative Medicine Review 13(2)128-44.  

Miguel, M.G., M. A. Neves, and  M.D. Atunes. 2010. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.): A medicinal plant.  J. Medicinal Plants Research 4(25):2836-2847.

Seeram, N.P., M. Aviram, Y. Zhang, S.M. Henning, L. Feng, M. Dreher, and D. Heber. 2008. Comparison of antioxidant potency of commonly consumed polyphenol-rich beverages in the United States. J. Agric. Food Chemistry 56(4):1415-422. 

Seeram, N.P., R.N. Schulman and D. Heber. 2006. Pomegranates: ancient roots to modern medicine. CRC/Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL.

Health Benefits: Heart

Basu, A. and K. Penugonda. 2009. Pomegranate juice: a heart-healthy fruit juice. Nutrition Reviews 67(1):49-56.

Komperda, K.E. 2009. Potential Interaction between pomegranate Juice and Warfarin. Pharmacotherapy 29(8):1002-1006.

Health: Cancer

National Cancer Institute: Prostate Cancer, Nutrition, and Dietary Supplements

Adhami, V.M., N. Khan, and H. Mukhtar. 2009. Cancer chemoprevention by pomegranate: laboratory and clinical evidence. Nutr. Cancer 61(6):811–815.

Lansky, E.P. and R.A. Newman. 2006. Punica granatum (pomegranate) and its potential for prevention and treatment of inflammation and cancer.  J. Ethnopharmacology  109:177-206.

Pantuck, A.J. 2006. Phase II study of pomegranate juice for men with rising prostate-specific antigen following surgery or radiation for prostate cancer.  Clinical Cancer Research 12:4018-4026.

Sartippour, M.R., N.P. Seeram, J.Y. Rao,  A. Moro, D.M. Harris, S.M. Henning, A. Firouzi, M.B. Rettig, W.J. Aronson,  A.J. Pantuck and D. Heber. 2008. Ellagitannin-rich pomegranate extract inhibits angiogenesis in prostate cancer in vitro and in vivo.  Int’l J. Oncology 32(2): 475-480.  PDF

Pests and Diseases

Alfieri, S.A., Jr. 1978. Cercospora leaf spot of pomegranate. Fla. Dept. Agric. Cons. Serv. Plan Pathology Circ. No. 194. PDF

Carroll, D., B. Puget, B. Higbee, M. Quist, O. Magallenes, N. Smith, A. Gjerde, and K. Schneider. 2010. Pomegranate pest management in the San Joaquin Valley. PDF

Noling, J. W. 2009. Nematode management in tomatoes, peppers and eggplant. UF Coop. Extension Publ. ENY-032.

Steck, G. Fruit fly pests. Division of Plant Industry. PDF

Swanson, R.W. and R.M. Baranowski. 1972. Host range and infestation by the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspense(Diptera: Tephritidae), in south Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 85:271-274. PDF

Thomas, M.C., J. B. Heppner, R. E. Woodruff, H. V. Weems, G. J. Steck and T. R. Fasulo. 2010 Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae. Univ. Fla. Coop. Ext. Publ. EENY-214.

Starting an Enterprise: Economics

Day, K.R., K. M. Klonsky, and R. L. De Moura. 2010. 2010 sample costs to establish and produce pomegranates. Univ. Calif. Coop. Ext. Publ. PG-VS 10 (see also PDF

Hodgson, R.W. 1917. The pomegranate. Univ. Calif. Publ. Agric. Expt. Stn. Bull. 276. PDF