Dr. Carl C. Childers

Dr. Carl C. Childers

 
  Professor Emeritus
  Hendersonville, NC 28792
  Email: ccc1957@ufl.edu

 

Education

Ph.D.   1974    University of Missouri, Columbia       Acarology, Integrated Pest Management
M.S.    1966    University of Missouri, Columbia       Entomology
B.S.    1964    University of Missouri, Columbia       Agriculture, Zoology

Research

My research has been directed at the ecology and management of acarine and insect pests of citrus and the ecology and utilization of predacious mites.  Current research includes:
1.   Determining the identification and management approaches of Brevipalpus mite vectors of citrus leprosis.
2.   Assessing invasive mite pests of all agricultural, sylvan and ornamental crops that threaten U.S. agriculture.

Refereed Publications

Rodrigues, JCV, Childers, CC (2013) Brevipalpus mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae): vectors of invasive, non-systemic cytoplasmic and nuclear viruses in plants. Exp Appl Acarol 59:165-175.

Childers, CC, de Lillo, E, Bauchan, GR, Rogers, ME, Ochoa, R, Robinson, C. (2018) External morphology of the mouthparts and observations on behavior of Tuckerella japonica on Camellia sinensis in the continental USA. Exp Appl Acarol 74:55-71.

Achor, DS, Childers, CC, Rogers, ME (2017) Cellular feeding injury to 1- to 3+-year-old stems of Camellia sinensis by Tuckerella japonica. Exp Appl Acarol 73:339-351.

Childers, CC, Rogers, ME, Ebert, TA, Achor, DS (2017) Diptilomiopus floridanus (Acari: Eriophyoidea: Diptilomiopidae): Its distribution and relative abundance with other eriophyoid species on dooryard, varietal block, and commercial citrus in Florida. Florida Entomologist 100 (2): 325-333.

Craemer, C., JW Amrine Jr, CC Childers, ME Rogers, & DS Achor (2017) A new eriophyoid mite species, Diptilomiopus floridanus (Acari: Eriophyoidea: Diptilomiopidae), from citrus in Florida, USA. Systematic & Applied Acarology 22(3):386-402.

Tassi, A. D., L. C. Garita-Salazar, L. Amorim, V. Moreira Novelli, J. Freitas-Astua, C. C. Childers, E. W. Kitajima. 2017. Virus-vector relationship in the citrus leprosis pathosystem. Exp Appl Acarol 71:227-241.

Childers, CC, Ebert,TA, Rogers, ME, and Shepard, M 2016. The occurrence and distribution of Tuckerella japonica (Acari: Tuckerellidae) on tea bushes, Camellia sinensis and C, assamica, in Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina, USA. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 69:479-486.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., C. C. Childers, and E. W. Kitajima.  2016.  Brevipalpus spp. (Acari: Tenuipalpidae):  Vectors of cytoplasmic and nuclear viruses in plants, pp. 309-318.  In:  Vector-mediated transmission of plant pathogens.  J. K. Brown (ed.).  Amer. Phytopathol. Soc., St. Paul, MN..

Maake, PA, Ueckermann, EA, and Childers, CC. 2016. Eustigmaeus floridensis sp. nov., a new mite speccies of the genus Eustigmaeus Berlese, 1910 (Acari: Stigmaeidae) from citrus in Florida.  J. Nat Hist 1-13.

Childers, C. C. and E. A. Ueckermann.  2015.  Non-phytoseiid Mesostigmata within citrus orchards in Florida: species distribution, relative and seasonal abundance within trees, associated vines and ground cover plants.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 65:331-357.

Maake, P. A. E. A. Ueckermann, and C. C. Childers.  2015.  A new species of the genus Eryngiopus Summers (Acari: Stigmaeidae) from citrus in Florida, USA.  Int. J. Acarol. 41:210-213.

Childers, C. C., and E. A. Ueckermann.  2014.  Eupalopsellidae and Stigmaeidae (Acari: Prostigmata) within citrus orchards in Florida: species distribution, relative and seasonal abundance within trees, associated vines, and ground cover plants.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 64:187-205.

Beard, JJ, Ochoa, R, Childers, CC, Bauchan, GR, and Shepard, M 2013. Traveling with tea: a Tuckerella's tale. Exp Appl Acarol 39:177-202.

Kitajima, E. W., C. M. Chagas, R. Harakava, R. F. Calegario, J. Freitas-Astua, J.C.V. Rodrigues, and C. C. Childers.  2011. Evidence that citrus leprosis in Florida, USA was caused by the nuclear type of Citrus leprosis virus (CiLV-N).  Virus Rev. Res. 16(1-2) Jan-Dec.

Villanueva, R. T. and C. C. Childers.  2011.  Mine-damaged leaves by Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton provide refuge for phytoseiids on grapefruit in Florida and Texas.  Zoosymposia 6:118-123.

Childers, C. C. and J. C. V. Rodrigues.  2011.  An overview of Brevipalpus mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) and the plant viruses they transmit.  Zoosymposia 6:180-192.

Childers, C. C.  2011.  Assessment of an integrated pest mite and disease management program on Florida citrus utilizing 224ºC or 235ºC horticultural mineral oils (HMO).  Zoosymposia 6:139-151.

Childers, C. C. and H. A. Denmark.  2011.  Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) within citrus orchards in Florida:  Species distribution, relative and seasonal abundance within trees, associated vines and ground cover plants.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 54:331-371.

Xia, B., H. Klompen, and C. C. Childers.  2011.  A new genus and species of Cheyletidae (Acariformes: Prostigmata) from citrus trees in Florida.  Zootaxa 2796:29-36.

Fadamiro, H. Y., Y. Xiao, M. Nesbitt, and C. C. Childers.  2009.  Diversity and seasonal abundance of predacious mites in Alabama Satsuma Citrus.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 102:617-628.

Magalhaes, BP, Rodrigues, JCV, Boucias, D, Childers, CC (2009). Pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum to the false spider mite Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae). Fla. Entomol. 97:195-198.

Villanueva, R. T., J.C.V. Rodrigues, W. C. Welbourn, H. A. Denmark, and C. C. Childers.  2008.  Amblyseius filcai Denmark and Villanueva, n. sp. (Acari: Phytoseiidae) found on Viburnum in Florida:  Description, life cycle, and feeding studies.  Int. J. Acarol. 34:385-387.

Fadamiro, H. Y., Y. Xiao, T. Hargroder, M. Nesbitt, V. C. Umeh, and C. C. Childers.  2008.  Seasonal occurrence of key arthropod pests and associated natural enemies in Alabama Satsuma Citrus.  Environ. Entomol. 37:555-567.

Villanueva, R. T. and C. C. Childers.  2007.  Comparative development of Iphiseoides quadripilis (Banks) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on various natural diets and predation on Aculops pelekassi (Keifer) (Acari: Eriophyidae) in the laboratory.  Environ. Entomol. 36:9-14.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., J. A. Zuniga, and C. C. Childers.  2007.  Occurrence and distribution of citrus leprosis virus in Honduras.  Plant Pathol. 56:344.

Leon, G. A., C. E. Realphe, P. A. Garzon, J. A. Rodriguez, M. G. Moreno, C. C. Childers, D. S. Achor, J. R. Freitas-Astua, N. C. Mesa, R. B. Salaroli, and E. W. Kitajima.  2006.  Ocorrência da leprose dos citros na Colômbia.  Summa Phytopathol. 32(suppl.):S10.

Leon, G. A., C. E. Realpe, P. A. Garzon, J. A. Rodriguez, M. G. Moreno, C. C. Childers, D. Achor, J. Freitas-Astua, R. Antonioli-Luizon, R. B. Salaroli, N.C.M. Cobo, and E. W. Kitajima.  2006.  Occurrence of citrus leprosis in Llanos Orientales, Colômbia.  Plant Dis. 90(5):682.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., J. A. Zuniga Reyes, D. S. Achor, C. C. Childers, and E. W. Kitajima.  2006.  Occurrence and distribution of citrus leprosis virus (CiLV-C) in Honduras, Central America.  New Dis. Rep. British Soc. Plant Pathol.  http://www.bspp.org.uk/ndr/july2006/2006-45.asp.

Villanueva, R. T., R. Gagne, and C. C. Childers.  2006.  Two species of Cecidomyiidae predacious on citrus rust mite, Phyllocoptruta oleivora, on Florida Citrus.  Florida Entomol. 89(2):161-167.

Villanueva, R. T. and C. C. Childers.  2006.  Evidence for host plant preference in the phytoseiid Iphiseiodes quadripilis.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 39:243-256.

Grafton-Cardwell, EE, KE Godfrey, ME Rogers, CC Childers, & PA Stansly (2006) Asian citrus psyllid. Pub 8205. Univ. Calif., UC-IPM, Div. Agric. & Nat. Res.

Childers, C. C. and S. Nakahara.  2006.  Thysanoptera (thrips) within citrus orchards in Florida:  Species distribution, relative and seasonal abundance within trees and on vines and ground cover plants.  J. Insect Sci. 6:45.

Childers, C. C., R. J. Beshear, G. Frantz, and M. Nelms.  2005.  A review of thrips species biting man including records in Florida and Georgia between 1986 and 1997.  Florida  Entomol. 88(4):447-451.

Childers, C. C. and J.C.V. Rodrigues.  2005.  Potential pest mite species collected from ornamental plants from Central America at port of entry to the United States.  Florida Entomol. 88(4):408-414.

Magalhaes, B. P., J.C.V. Rodrigues, D. G. Boucias, and C. C. Childers.  2005.  Pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum to the false spider mite Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae).  Florida Entomol. 88(2):195-198.

Hall, D. G., C. C. Childers, and J. E. Eger.  2005.  Effect of sample size on accuracy of citrus rust mite (Acari: Eriophyidae) density estimates on citrus fruit.  J. Econ. Entomol. 98(3):1048-1057.

Villanueva, R. T., J.C.V. Rodrigues, and C. C. Childers.  2005.  Larval Cryptothelea gloverii, an arthropod predator and herbivore on Florida citrus.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 36:83-92.

Kitajima, E. W., J. Freitas-Astua, J.C.V. Rodrigues, and C. C. Childers.  2005.  Virus transmitidos por ácaros Brevipalpus.  Fitopat. Brasileira, Brasilia 30:54-55.

Villanueva, R. T. and C. C. Childers.  2005.  Diurnal and spatial patterns of Phytoseiidae in the citrus canopy.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 35:269-280.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., M. Gallo-Meagher, B. J. Adams, R. Ochoa, and C. C. Childers.  2004.  Mitochondrial DNA and RAPD polymorphisms in the haploid mite Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae).  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 34(3-4):275-290.

Villanueva, R. T. and C. C. Childers.  2004.  Phytoseiidae increase with pollen deposition on citrus leaves.  Florida Entomol. 87(4):609-611.

Goldarazena, A., H. Kutuk, H. Aguilar, and C. C. Childers.  2004.  Biology of three species of Agistemus (Acari: Stigmaeidae):  Life table parameters using eggs of Panonychus citri or pollen of Malephora crocea as food.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 32(4):281-291.

Villanueva, R. T., J. P. Michaud, and C. C. Childers.  2004.  Ladybeetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) as predators of mites (Acari) in citrus.  J. Entomol. Sci. 39(1):23-29.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., E. W. Kitajima, C. C. Childers, and C. M. Chagas.  2003.  Citrus leprosis virus vectored by Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) in citrus in Brazil.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 30(1-3):161-179.

Childers, C. C., J.C.V. Rodrigues, and W. C. Welbourn.  2003.  Host plants of Brevipalpus californicus, B. obovatus, and B. phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) and their potential involvement in the spread of viral diseases vectored by these mites.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 30(1‑3):29-105.

Childers, C. C., J.C.V. Rodrigues, K. S. Derrick, D. S. Achor, J. V. French, W. C. Welbourn, R. Ochoa, and E. W. Kitajima.  2003.  Citrus leprosis and its status in Florida and Texas:  Past and present.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 30(1-3):181-202.

Childers, C. C., J. V. French, and J.C.V. Rodrigues.  2003.  Brevipalpus californicus, B. obovatus, B. phoenicis, and B. lewisi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae):  A review of their biology, feeding injury and economic importance.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 30(1-3):5-28.

Childers, C. C. and K. S. Derrick.  2003.  Brevipalpus mites as vectors of unassigned rhabdoviruses in various crops.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 30(1-3):1-3.

Rodrigues, J.C.V. and C. C. Childers.  2002.  Oleos no manejo de pragas e doencas em citros.  Laranja 23(1):77-100.
Goldarazena, A., R. Ochoa, and C. C. Childers.  2002.  Systematic revision of the genus Deleonia (Acari: Tarsonemidae).  Int. J. Acarol. 28(3):221-240.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., L. Moreira, C.M.R. Solis, W.A.,T Villalobos, and C. C. Childers.  2002.  Occurrence of coffee ring spot virus, a Brevipalpus mite-borne disease in coffee fields in Costa Rica/Central America.  Plant Dis. (Disease Notes). 86(5):564.

Childers, C. C., J. C. Rodrigues, E. W. Kitajima, K. S. Derrick, C. Rivera, and W. C. Welbourn.  2001.  A control strategy for breaking the virus-vector cycle of Brevipalpus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) mites and the Rhabdovirus disease, citrus leprosis.  Rev. Manejo Int. de Plagas 60:71-79.

Childers, C. C., E. W. Kitajima, W. C. Welbourn, C. Rivera, and R. Ochoa.  2001. Brevipalpus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) mites on citrus and their status as vectors of citrus leprosis.  Rev. Manejo Int. de Plagas 60:61-70.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., C. C. Childers, E. W. Kitajima, M. A. Machado, and N. L. Nogueira.  2001.  Una estrategia para controle da leprose dos citros.  Laranja 22(2):411-423.

Childers, C. C., R. Villanueva, H. Aguilar, R. Chewning, and J. P. Michaud.  2001.  Comparative residual toxicities of pesticides to the predator Agistemus industani (Acari: Stigmaeidae) on citrus in Florida.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 25:461-474.

Childers, C. C., H. Aguilar, R. Villanueva, and M. M. Abou-Setta.  2001.  Comparative residual toxicities of pesticides to the predator Euseius mesembrinus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on citrus in Florida.  Florida  Entomol. 84:391-401.

Achor, D. S., R. Ochoa, E. Erbe, H. Aguilar, W. F. Wergin, and C. C. Childers.  2001.  Advantages and disadvantages of ambient temperature scanning and low temperature scanning electron microscopy in studying acarine morphology.  Int. J. Acarol. 27(1):3-12.

Dominguez, S. F., A. Bernal, C. C. Childers, and E. W. Kitajima.  2001.  First report of the citrus leprosis virus in Panama.  Plant Dis. (Disease Notes) 85(2):228.

Kitajima, E. W., J.C.V. Rodrigues, G. J. Moraes, and C. C. Childers.  2000.  Plant viruses transmitted by Brevipalpus mites.  Virus Rev. Res. 5(2):44-45.

Non-refereed Publications

Kitajima, E. W., C. M. Chagas, R. Harakava, R. F. Calegario, J. Freitas-Astua, J.C.V. Rodrigues, and C. C. Childers.  2011. Evidence that citrus leprosis in Florida, USA was caused by the nuclear type of Citrus leprosis virus (CiLV-N).  Virus Rev. Res. 16(1-2) Jan-Dec.

Villanueva, R. T. and C. C. Childers.  2011.  Mine-damaged leaves by Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton provide refuge for phytoseiids on grapefruit in Florida and Texas.  Zoosymposia 6:118-123.

Childers, C. C. and J. C. V. Rodrigues.  2011.  An overview of Brevipalpus mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) and the plant viruses they transmit.  Zoosymposia 6:180-192.

Childers, C. C.  2011.  Assessment of an integrated pest mite and disease management program on Florida citrus utilizing 224ºC or 235ºC horticultural mineral oils (HMO).  Zoosymposia 6:139-151.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., D. Achor, E. W. Kitajima, N. L. Nogueira, and C. C. Childers.  2008.  Plant diseases and injuries associated with Brevipalpus mites.  Proc. Int. Congr. Acarol., Merida, Mexico 2002.  pp. 381-390.

Villanueva, R. T. and C. C. Childers.  2007.  Insect predators of eriophyids on Florida citrus including a predacious lepidoptera and two cecidomyiids, pp. 391-395.  In:  2002 Proc. Int. Congr. Acarol., Merida, Mexico.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., D. S. Achor, E. W. Kitajima, N. L. Nogueira, and C. C. Childers. 2007. Plant diseases and injuries associated with Brevipalpus mites, pp. 381-390.  In:  2002 XI Int. Congr. Acarol. September 8-13, Merida, Mexico. 

Rodrigues, J.C.V., R. Ochoa, C. Welbourn, and C. C. Childers. 2007. The need for a molecular signature for Brevipalpus exotic mites and mite-borne diseases approaching the Caribbean Basin.  San Juan, PR.  Proc. Caribbean Food and Crop Society Mtg.  July 9-14, 2006.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., C. C. Childers, E. W. Kitajima, R. Ochoa, D. Navīa, and W. C. Welbourn.  2006.  Plantas hospedeiras de acaros Brevipalpus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) e seu envolvimento na disseminacão de poencas virais trasmitidas por estes acaros.  XXI Congresso Brasileiro de Entomologia, Recife, PE.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., C. C. Childers, E. W. Kitajima, and R. Ochoa.  2006.  Spread of citrus leprosis by Brevipalpus in the Americas.  Int. Congr. Acarol., Amsterdam.  August 21-26, 2006.

Grafton-Cardwell, E. E., K. E. Godfrey, M. E. Rogers, C. C. Childers, and P. A. Stansly.  2006.  Asian citrus psyllid.  Univ. California  Pub. 8131.

French, J. V., C. C. Childers, and J. V. da Graca.  2005.  Threats to Texas citrus from exotic vector-borne diseases.  Proc. XVI Conf. Org. Citrus Virol.  pp. 477-479.

Childers, C. C. and M. E. Rogers.  2005.  Chemical control and management approaches of the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Homoptera: Psyllidae), on Florida citrus.  Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 118:49-53.

Childers, C. C. and P. A. Stansly.  2005.  Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) pests of Florida grapefruit:  Biology, seasonal and relative abundance, fruit damage and monitoring.  Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 118:54-61.

Kitajima, E. W., G. J. Moraes, C. Omoto, J. Freitas-Astua, J.C.V. Rodrigues, and C. C. Childers.  2005.  Seminario Int. de Leprosis y Cancer de los Citricos.  June 2-3, Manizales, Colombia.

Kitajima, E. W., C. M. Chagas, J.C.V. Rodrigues, G. J. Moraes, and C. C. Childers.  2005.  Brevipalpus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) mites transmit two types of morphologically and cytopathologically distinct viruses.  Int. Sci. Seminar of Plant Health, Havana, Cuba, 2004.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., J. A. Zuniga, C. C. Childers, and M. Gallo-Meagher.  2004.  New Brevipalpus haplotype from citrus in Honduras, Central America based on mitochondrial COI DNA sequences [Abstract].  Int. Congr. Entomol.  Brisbane, Australia.  August 15-21.

Palevsky, E., Y. Argov, Y. Drishpoun, C. C. Childers, and U. Gerson.  2003.  Mite problems on citrus and control strategies in Israel.  Proc. Int. Soc. Citricult. IX:760-763.

Aguilar, H. and C. C. Childers.  2003.  Tydeidae (Acari: Prostigmata) on Florida citrus. Proc. Int. Soc. Citricult. IX:751-753.

Childers, C. C.  2003.  Integrated mite control on Florida citrus.  Proc. Int. Soc. Citricult. IX:740-750.
Aguilar, H. and C. C. Childers.  2002.  Feeding habits of Tydeidae (Acari: Prostigmata) on Florida citrus [Abstract].  Program and Abstract Book.  Merida, Mexico, p. 137.

Rodrigues, J.C.V., M. Gallo-Meagher, and C. C. Childers.  2002.  Genetics and reproduction of Brevipalpus mites.  Annu. Mtg. Entomol. Soc. Amer.  Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Futch, S. H., C. C. Childers, and C. W. McCoy.  2002.  Identification of insect pests.  Univ. Florida.  Horticultural Sciences Fact Sheet.  HS 893.

Futch, S. H., C. W. McCoy, J. P. Michaud, and C. C. Childers.  2002.  A guide to identification of soft-bodied Citrus insect pests.  Univ. Florida.  Horticultural Sciences Fact Sheet.  HS 870.

Childers, C. C.  2002.  2002 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide:  Flower and Orchid Thrips.  Univ. Florida Ext. Serv., IFAS.  RFCG-029.

Childers, C. C.  2002.  Practical use of horticultural mineral oils in integrated pest and disease management programs and their impact on natural enemies.  Proc. Spray Oils Beyond 2000.  October 25-29, 1999 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.  Sustainable Pest and Disease Management – Int. Conf., Univ. Western Sydney.